Thermodynamics is the science of energy. This course introduces the basic principles of thermodynamics from a macroscopic point of view and applies them to engineering systems such as heat pumps, engines, power plants, and refrigeration. Topics include property tables, equations of state, first and second laws of thermodynamics, analysis of closed and open systems, power and refrigeration cycles.

### Prerequisites

PHYS& 221, MATH& 152.

### Corequisites

Course Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course, students should be able to demonstrate the following knowledge or skills:

- Explain the following thermodynamic concepts: systems, control volumes, properties and state of a substance, process, and cycle.
- Apply equations of state and thermodynamic tables to evaluate the properties of a pure substance.
- Apply the 1st law of thermodynamics to evaluate a change in the state of a thermodynamics system.
- Apply the concept of conservation of mass and the first law as a rate equation to the analysis of a control volume.
- Explain the second law of thermodynamics and how it relates to the concepts of reversibility and entropy.
- Apply the concepts of reversibility and entropy change to the analysis of thermodynamic systems and control volumes.
- Use the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics in the analysis of a Rankine cycle, vapor compression refrigeration cycle, and air-standard Otto cycle.
- Calculate changes in entropy using thermodynamic tables.
- Calculate changes in entropy for ideal gases.

Course Content Outline

- Basic concepts of thermodynamics
- Properties in pure substance
- First law of thermodynamics for closed systems
- First law of thermodynamics for control volumes
- Second law of thermodynamics; Carnot Cycle; Thermodynamic temperature scale
- Concept and calculation of entropy
- Gas power cycles
- Vapor and combined power cycles
- Refrigeration cycle

Department Guidelines

PO5 should be assessed: Students will be able to solve problems by gathering, interpreting, combining and/or applying information from multiple sources.